Publications (archive)


Darbyshire D, Baker P, Agius S, McAleer S. A review of the academic and grey literature on the Academic Foundation Programme. Journal of Contemporary Medical Education 2017 [in press]

Patel M & Agius S. Cross-cultural comparisons of assessment of clinical performance. Medical Education 2017; [in press]

Pearce M, Agius S, Macfarlane J, Taylor N. Is the support that Dental Registrants in Difficulty receive from Postgraduate Dental Teams and other sources adequate? An investigation of the views of registrants and their supporters. British Dental Journal 2017; [in press]


Chan L, Kelly L, Brown JM. An exploratory study into why trust grade doctors took a Master of Surgery course. British Journal of Hospital Medicine 2016; 77(4):244

Palmer N, Kirton J, Speechley D. An investigation of the clinical experiences of dentists within the national dental foundation training programme in the North West of England. British Dental Journal 2016; 221, 323–8

Palmer N. Antimicrobial Resistance and Antibiotic Prescribing in Dental Practice.  Dental Update 2016; 43: 954–60

Patel M, Agius S, Wilkinson J, Patel L, Baker P. Value of the Newer Workplace-Based Assessments in Predicting Doctors in Difficulty. Medical Education 2016; 50(7), 746-56

Pearce M, Agius S, Macfarlane J, Taylor N. Supporting dental registrants in difficulty: a national survey of postgraduate dental education teams. British Dental Journal 2016; 220, 443-6 

Shaw NJ, Kirkcaldy A, Brown JM. Assessing the impact of a Neonatal management course. Infant 2016; 2016; 12(2): 67-70

Stratta E, Ridings D, Baker P. Ethical erosion in newly qualified doctors: perceptions of empathy decline. International Journal of Medical Education 2016; 7:286-92

Taylor N, Mehra S, Elley K, Patterson F, Cousans F.  The Value of Situational Judgement Tests for Assessing Non-Academic Attributes in Dental Selection. British Dental Journal 2016; 10; 220 (11):565-6



Agius S, Baron R, Lewis B, Luckhurst S, Sloan M, Ward T. How can a postgraduate Professional Education and Development course benefit General Practitioners? A qualitative study. Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions 2015; 12: 31. DOI:

Agius S, Brockbank A, Baron R, Farook S, Hayden J. The impact of an integrated Medical Leadership  Programme. Journal of Health Organization and Management 2015; 29 (1): 39-54 

Curran J & Baker P. Factors influencing recruitment and retention of foundation doctors in geographically unpopular locations. Future Hospital Journal 2016 3(1): 17–20

Kirkham D, Darbyshire D, Agius S, Gordon M, Baker P. A solid grounding: Prescribing skills training in the North West of England. The Clinical Teacher 2015; 12(3):187-92 

Pearce M, Agius S, Macfarlane J, Taylor N. Supporting dental registrants in difficulty. British Dental Journal 2015; 218, E5 doi:10.1038/sj.bdj.2015.972015

Walsh J, Taylor N, Hough D, Brocklehurst PR. A qualitative evaluation of a leadership programme for dentists. Leadership in Health Services 2015; 28(3), 185-99

Ramsden S, Abidogun A, Stringer E, Mahgoub S, Kastrissianakis A and Baker P A peer- led teaching initiative for foundation doctors. The Clinical Teacher 2015; 12: 236–240



Agius S, Duffy K, Jones A, Garden A, Hayden J. Identifying the perceptions of hospital consultants with regard to faculty development in the UK: A qualitative study. World Journal of Medical Education and Research 2014; 8(1): 23-31

Agius S. Facilitating research in postgraduate medical education. Education for Primary Care 2014; 25:302-3

Agius S, Tack G, Holmes S, Murphy P, Hayden J. Why do medical trainees take time out of their specialty training programmes? British Journal of Hospital Medicine 2014; 75(10):584-9

Agius S, Lewis B, Kirk B, Hayden J. The perceived benefits of a two-year period of extended specialty training in General Practice:  The trainees’ perspective. Education for Primary Care 2014; 25(1): 26-35

Brown JM, Lowe K, Fillingham J, Murphy PN, Bamforth M, Shaw NJ. An investigation into the use of multi-source feedback (MSF) as a work-based assessment tool. Medical Teacher 2014. [in press]

Shaw B, Fox J, Brown J, Hart A, Mamelok J. An investigation of factors affecting the outcome of the clinical skills assessment (CSA) in general practice specialty training. Education for Primary Care 2014; 25(2):91-5

Thampy H, Agius S, Allery L. Clinical Teaching: Widening the Definition. The Clinical Teacher 2014; 11(3): 198-202

Thomson H, Collins J, Baker P. ­­Effective Foundation trainee local inductions; room for improvement? The Clinical Teacher 2014; 11(3):193-7

Tregoning C, Remington S, Agius S. Facing change: developing resilience for staff, associate specialist and specialty doctors. BMJ Careers 22nd January 2014

Zhou A, Baker P. Confounding factors in using upward feedback to assess the quality of medical training: a systematic review. Journal of Education Evaluation for Health Professions 2014; DOI: http:// 10.3352/jeehp.2014.11.17



Agius S. Qualitative research: its value and applicability. The Psychiatrist 2013; 37: 204-206

Ahearn D, Eccles J, Jorna T, Kotecha A, Baker P, Singh S. Tandem clerking: maximising workplace learning. The Clinical Teacher 2013; 10(6): 353-7

Ahmed M,  Arora S, Baker P, Hayden J, Vincent C, Sevdalis N. Building capacity and capability for patient safety education: a train-the-trainers programme for senior doctors. BMJ Quality & Safety 2013; DOI: 10.1136/bmjqs-2012-001626

Ahmed M, Arora S, Tiew S, Hayden J, Sevdalis N, Vincent C, Baker P. Building a safer foundation: the Lessons Learnt patient safety training programme. BMJ Quality & Safety 2013; 0:1–9. DOI: 10.1136/bmjqs-2012-001740

Brocklehurst P, Ferguson J, Taylor N, Tickle M. What is clinical leadership and why might it be important in dentistry? British Dental Journal 2013; 214: 243-246. DOI: 10.1038/sj.bdj.2013.219

Brown J, Shaw NJ, Graham DR.  The first five years: a mixed methods study investigating reflections on working as a hospital consultant. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine Short Reports 2013; 4 (5)

Brown JM, McNeill H, Shaw NJ. Triggers for reflection: exploring the act of written reflection and the hidden art of reflective practice in postgraduate medicine. Reflective Practice 2013

Darbyshire D, Baker P, Bates D, Gordon M. Out-of-hours dispensing of medication by doctors. Journal of Medical Safety 2013; July: 17-23

Gordon M, Catchpole K, Baker P. Human factors prescriptive on the prescribing behaviour of recent medical graduates. Advances in Medical Education and Practice 2013; 4: 1–9

Graham J, Grant-Casey J, Alston R, Baker P, Pendry K. Assessing transfusion competency in junior doctors: a retrospective cohort study. Transfusion 2013; DOI: 10.1111/trf.12274

Hall-Scullin E, Taylor N, Thayer T, Catleugh M. Quality assurance in intermediate minor oral surgery commissioning: using a practical skills exercise as part of the accreditation of performers. Faculty Dental Journal 2013; 1(2): 58-62

Hayden J. Assessing postgraduate trainees in the workplace. Excellence in Medical Education 2013; 13-6

Jackson E, Moreton A. Safety during night shifts: a cross-sectional survey of junior doctors’ preparation and practice.  BMJ Open 2013; 3:e003567 DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003567

Lewis B, Shiner A, Peet D. Enhanced GP training – creating posts that are fit for the future. InnovAiT: Education and inspiration for General Practice 2013; 6(1): 28-33

Mamelok J. Achieving a consensus on educational objectives and assessments for extended specialty training programmes for licensing in general practice. Education for Primary Care 2013; 24(4):258-65

Mamelok J. Developing assessments for enhanced specialty training programmes for licensing in general practice. Education for Primary Care 2013; 24(4):230-3

Mehta F, Brown J, Shaw NJ. Do trainees value feedback in case-based discussion assessments? Medical Teacher 2013; 35(5): 1166-72

Mitchell C, Bhat S, Herbert A, Baker P. Workplace-based assessments in Foundation Programme training: do trainees in difficulty use them differently? Medical Education 2013; 47: 292–300

Pattison A. Lumsden C. Sherwood M, Baker P. Attitudes to pre-employment competency screening. The Clinical Teacher 2013; 10: 78–83

Thampy H, Agius S, Allery L. The motivation to teach as a registrar in General Practice. Education for Primary Care 2013; 24 (4):244-50

Tregoning C, Hayden J. Response to 'Geographical movement of doctors from education to training and eventual career post.  Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 2013; 106: 254



Ahearn D, Bishop S, Agius S, Duffy K, Jones A. Educator appraisal - Occurrence and Experience of Hospital Consultants in North-West England.  Medical Teacher 2012; PMID: 22938678

Ahmed M, Baker P, Hayden J. Towards an open and learning safety culture.  Medical Education 2012; 46: 1226–8

Ahmed M, Arora S, Baker P, Vincent C, Sevdalis N. Case-based Learning for Patient Safety: The Lessons Learnt Program for UK Junior Doctors. World Journal of Surgery 2012; 36 (5): 956-8

Brockbank A, Farook S, Baron R, Agius S.  Hayden J. The NHS Leadership Framework: Is it time for joint Leadership Development? Health Service Journal 28th June 2012.

Brown J, Agius S. Bridging the gap between University and National Health Service (NHS) ethical scrutiny: how do we teach practitioners/professionals to be prepared for the challenge of research governance processes and what lessons can be drawn across other disciplines. Teaching Public Administration 2012; DOI: 10.1177/0144739412458269

Brown JM, Kirton J, Shaw B, Murphy P, Clarke, R. The training needs and career intentions of staff grade and associate specialist doctors. British Journal of Hospital Medicine 2012; 73(9): 521-5

Brown J, Patel M, Howard J, Cherry G, Shaw NJ. Changing clinical practice: significant events that influence trainees' learning. Education for Primary Care 2011; 22(1): 25-31

Cherry MG, Brown JM, Bethell GS, Neal T, Shaw NJ. Features of educational interventions that lead to compliance with hand hygiene in healthcare professionals within a hospital care setting. A BEME systematic review: BEME Guide No. 22. Medical Teacher 2012; 34(6): 406-20

Egbe M, Baker P. Development of a multisource feedback instrument for clinical supervisors in postgraduate medical training. Clinical Medicine 2012; 12 (3) 239–43

Gordon M, Darbyshire D, Baker P. Non-technical skills training to enhance patient safety: a systematic review. Medical Education 2012; 46: 1042–54

Kirkham D, Baker P. Twelve tips for running teaching programmes for newly qualified doctors. Medical Teacher 2012, 1-6

Laws P, Baker P, Singh M. Preparedness of Foundation Year 1 doctors in dermatology. The Clinical Teacher 2012; 9: 108–11

Phazey G, Agius S, Hayden J. SAS Doctors’ perceptions of their role within the NHS. British Medical Journal 28th April 2012. 

Shaw NJ, Brown JM. Trainee preparedness for being a new consultant. Infant 2012; 8(4):103-4.

Shaw NJ, Stenson BJ, Fenton AC, Morrow G, Brown J.  Subspecialty neonatal trainees views on being prepared for the consultant role. Archives of Disease in Childhood - Education and Practice 2012; 97(2):68-71

Tavabie OD, Baker P.  Preparing final year students for medical emergencies- a service evaluation. Medical Education 2012; 46 (11): 1110–11

Tregoning C, Hayden J. North West Trainees opinions on the proposed NHS reforms. Health Services Journal Online Resource Centre

Wardle K, Ruddlesdin J, Wentworth L, Bhat S, Roberts N, Baker P. The Use of Curriculum Mapping in Evaluating a Regional Geriatric Training Programme. CME Geriatric Medicine



Agius S, Baron R, Lewis B, Hayden J. What do GP educators perceive to be the opportunities and challenges of introducing revalidation? Education for Primary Care 2011; 22: 386–92

Ahearn D, Bhat S, Lakinson T, Baker P. Maximising responses to quality assurance surveys. The Clinical Teacher 2011; 8: 258–262

Brockbank A, Farook S, Agius S. NHS Leadership Framework: Introduction, critique and recommendations for practice. The Consultant 2011; 12: 10-13

Gordon M, Chandratilake M, Baker P. Improvements in junior doctor prescribing skills after a short e-learning intervention: A randomised controlled trial. Archives of Diseases in Childhood 2011; 96:1191-1194. DOI: 10.1136/archdischild-2011-300577

Mitchell C, Bhat S, Herbert A, Baker P. Workplace-based assessments of junior doctors: do scores predict training difficulties? Medical Education 2011. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2923.2011.04056.x

Orchard S, Ahearn D, Bhat S, Baker P. What to expect from a general podiatry service. CME Geriatric Medicine 2011; 13(2): 54–7



Agius S, Baron R. A Revalidation Primer: Report to the UKCEA. Manchester: North Western Deanery

Brown, J. The durability of early career choices. British Medical Journal 2010; 341:c3500

Brown JM, Watmough S, Cherry MG, Fewtrell R, Graham DR, O'Sullivan H, Shaw NJ. How well are graduates prepared for practice when measured against the latest GMC recommendations? British Journal of Hospital Medicine 2010; 71(3): 159-63

Cherry M, Brown J, Neal T, Shaw NJ. What features of educational interventions lead to competence in aseptic insertion and maintenance of CV catheters in acute care? BEME Guide No. 15. Medical Teacher 2010; 32(3): 198-218.

McNeill H, Brown J, Shaw NJ.  First year specialist trainees' engagement with reflective practice in the e-portfolio. Advances in Health Sciences Education 2010; 15(4): 547-58



Brown JM, Ryland I, Shaw NJ, Graham DR. Working as a newly appointed consultant: a study into the transition from specialist registrar. British Journal of Hospital Medicine 2009; 70(7): 410-4.

Tregoning C, Hayden J, Miles J. How to make career choices. BMJ Careers 2009; doi:10.1136/bmj.b72



Agius S, Baron R. The current state and value of continuing professional development in primary care: the deanery perspective. Education for Primary Care 2008; 19:580-9

Agius S, Baron R, Phazey G. The current state and value of deanery-managed continuing professional development in primary care: the general practice appraisers’ perspective. Education for Primary Care 2008; 19:590-6

Agius S, Willis S, McArdle P, O’Neill P. Managing change in postgraduate medical education: still unfreezing? Medical Teacher 2008; 30(4): e87-e94 

O'Brien M, Brown J, Gillies R, Shaw NJ, Graham D. Factors influencing surgery as a choice of career: results of an electronic survey of early years surgical trainees. Postgraduate Medical Journal 2008; 84(988):109



Baron R, Agius S. The current state and value of deanery-managed CPD in primary care. London: UKCEA; 2007

Baron R, Agius S, Lewis B. GP Registrar appraisal: perceptions of appraisers and appraisees. Education for Primary Care 2007; 18: 307-424

Brown J, Chapman T, Graham D. Becoming a new doctor: a learning or survival exercise? Medical Education 2007; 41(7): 653-60

Hyde C, Agius S, Shacklady J, Dornan T, Miles J. How well prepared are newly-qualified doctors for Foundation Training? 01.15: The newsletter of the Higher Education Academy Subject Centre for Medicine, Dentistry and Veterinary Medicine Winter 2007

Morriss R, Dowrick C, Salmon P, Peters S, Dunn G, Rogers A, Lewis B, Charles-Jones H, Hogg J,Clifford R, Rigby C, Gask L. Cluster randomized controlled trial of training practices in reattribution for medically unexplained symptoms. British Journal of Psychiatry 2007; 191: 536-42

Turnbull C, Baker P, Allen S. A comparison of three different quality assurance systems for higher medical training. Clinical Medicine 2007; 7:486-91



Agius S. Quality assurance for postgraduate deaneries. Health Service Journal 27th July 2006: 26

Baron R, McKinlay D, Martin J, Ward B. Master’s degree-accredited professional education and development courses for general practitioners in the North Western Deanery 1997-2002: impact on effectiveness, retention and recruitment to additional roles. Education for Primary Care 2006; 17: 147-54

Hayden J. Guiding Principals - general practice and career choices. British Journal of General Practice 2006; 56: 246-7

Miles J, Grout C, Hayden J. Assessing Foundation Trainees: supporting the educational workforce. The Clinical Teacher 2006; 3:124-8

Morriss R, Dowrick C, Salmon P, Peters S, Dunn G, Rogers A, Lewis B, Charles-Jones H, Hogg J, Clifford R, Rigby C, Gask L. Turning theory into practice: rationale, feasibility and external validity of an exploratory randomised controlled trial of training family practitioners in reattribution to manage patients with medically unexplained symptoms. Journal of General Hospital Psychiatry 2006; 28(4):343-51

O'Brien M, Brown J, Ryland I, Shaw NJ, Chapman T, Gillies R, Graham D. Exploring the views of second-year Foundation Programme doctors and their educational supervisors during a deanery-wide pilot Foundation Programme. Postgraduate Medical Journal 2006; 82: 813-6

O'Neill PA, Owen AC, McArdle PJ, Duffy KA. Views, behaviours and perceived staff development needs of doctors and surgeons regarding learners in outpatient clinics. Medical Education 2006; 40:348-54

Ryland I, Brown J, O'Brien M, Graham D, Gillies R, Chapman T, Shaw NJ. The Portfolio: How was it for you? Views of F2 doctors from the Mersey Deanery Foundation Pilot. Clinical Medicine 2006; 6(4): 378-80

Smith C, Agius S, Hayden J. Methodological limitations posed by the Data Protection Act in research involving medical practitioners; a study into doctors’ career and retirement choices. Journal of Quality in Primary Care 2006; 14:91-4



Feldman M, Nasmyth G. An evaluation of operative training lists for senior house officers in a district general hospital. Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England 2005; 87: 277-82

Lewis B. Commentary on enhancing communication skills in a large healthcare organisation. Patient Education and Counseling 2005; 58:1-3

McKinlay D, Lewis B. U-learning. Education for General Practice 2005;16:729-31



Brown J, Ryland I, Chapman T, Graham D. Comparison of aspects of preregistration house officer training from traditional and new medical curricula. British Journal of Hospital Medicine 2004; 65(12): 745-

Keeling C, Agius S, Bailey S. Performance review procedures for the pre-registration year: a map through the minefield. British Journal of Hospital Medicine 2004; 65 (1):44-7



Brown J, Graham D, Chapman T.  Factors influencing teaching and learning in the preregistration year. Hospital Medicine 2003; 64(12): 740-2

Duffy KA. O’Neill PA. Involving medical students in staff development activities. Medical Teacher 2003; 25:191-4

Hayden J. Young ambition’s ladder. British Journal of General Practice 2003; 53:143-8



Bache J, Brown J, Graham D. In-training assessmant for specialist registrars: views of trainees and trainers in the Mersey Deanery. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 2002; 95(12): 612-3

Brown J, de Cossart L, Wiltshire C. Exploring the views of basic surgical trainees (senior house officers) on a basic surgical training scheme. Medical Teacher 2002; 24(5): 559-61



Agius S. A helping hand for refugee doctors. Hospital Doctor November 2001

Baron R, McKinlay D, Martin J, Ward B, Whiteman I. Higher professional education for GPs in the North West of England - feedback from the first three years. Education for Primary Care 2001; 12: 421-9

De Cossart L, Wiltshire C, Brown J.  An audit of the operative skills of SHOs on a BST programme. Bulletin of The Royal College of Surgeons of England 2001; 83(10): 326-7

Hayden J, McKinlay D. Monitoring standards of training. Medical Education 2001; 35: 68-72